什么是糖尿病? 

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (疾病预防控制中心), one in 10 Americans have diabetes and another 84 million adults are at high 风险 of developing 2型糖尿病.

  

There are three main types of diabetes: 1型, 2型, gestational. According to 疾病预防控制中心, approximately 90% of people with diabetes have 2型. 2型糖尿病患者, your body doesn’t use insulin well and is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. 

If you have any of the 风险 factors below, ask your doctor if you should be tested for diabetes.

  • 超重.
  • 45岁或以上的.
  • Having a parent, brother or sister with 2型糖尿病.
  • Being physically active less than three times a week.
  • Ever having 妊娠期糖尿病 or giving birth to a baby who weighed more than nine pounds.

Race and ethnicity also matter: African Americans, 拉丁美洲裔美国人, 美国印第安人, Pacific Islanders and some Asian Americans are at higher 风险 for 2型糖尿病.

Uncontrolled, diabetes can cause blindness, nerve damage, 肾脏疾病 and other health problems.